Parquet is an ideal material for interior decoration, combining naturalness, environmental friendliness, exquisite beauty, strength, durability, Provides heat and sound insulation. Especially hard sorts of precious woods are used for parquet. It is believed that oak, maple, ash, walnut and pear are the most optimal for our climatic conditions in terms of their characteristics of hardness, strength, stability and stability. At present, the parquet market is in high demand for exotic species of trees from southern and hot countries (merbau, wenge, sycamore, amaranth). In the color palette of “exotics”, compared to domestic breeds, warm and more saturated shades (yellow, ocher, red-brown, brown, purple and black) predominate.
Parquet flooring, having almost limitless decorative and visual possibilities, allows you to embody any design ideas, bringing uniqueness and naturally fitting into the interior of almost any style. According to the design and method of laying, they distinguish between piece and artistic parquet, solid board.
Stub parquet – plank (length 210 – 420 mm, width 70 mm, thickness 15 mm, working layer 8 mm), made of solid wood with grooves and ridges located on the side faces, allowing for a clear and reliable joining of the planks in all directions. Such parquet allows you to create ornaments of different degrees of complexity on the floor (the most common are “deck”, “tree”, “square”, “weaving”).
Part parquet differs in a number of parameters:
- the type of wood used;
- the type of cut (radial – wood fibers along the parquet plank; tangential – fibers across the plank);
- sorting (“radial” – radial cut, even texture, no defects and mechanical damage; “standard” – without selection by cut; “natural” – without selection by cut, sapwood and knots from 5 to 8 are allowed mm; “rustic” – without selection by cut, color and sapwood, knots 7 – 10 mm are allowed);
- additional surface treatment of the parquet, usually oak (brushing, aging, heat treatment, tesque, firing, patination, toning);
- decorative inserts of varying artistic complexity throughout the entire thickness of the plank.
Artistic parquet is a patterned ornamental composition made on the basis of a combination of wood of different tree species. Modern wood processing technologies make it possible to embody intricate patterns on the floor, of any complexity and contrasts. On a square meter of such parquet, there can be up to 3 thousand details.
According to the type of geometric shape of the parts and the method of their manufacture, artistic parquet is divided into 3 types. Saw: parts of a rectilinear shape, for the manufacture of which saw machines with high productivity are used (line speed up to 30 m per minute). Milling: curved parts, for the manufacture of which milling machines with numerical control are used, performing high-precision milling of complex contours according to a given program with an accuracy of 50 microns. Mixed: a combination of rectilinear and curvilinear details.
TRADITIONAL ELEMENTS OF ARTISTIC PARQUET:
Rosette is an ornamental or plot composition made of various types of wood, usually with pronounced center of symmetry. Allows you to easily coordinate the space, link the floor with the interior decoration. The socket is perfectly combined with piece parquet. Modern technologies make it possible to decorate parquet with inserts from various decorative materials (marble, ornamental stone, tile, glass, metal). Module is an assembly element of parts of various geometric shapes arranged in a pattern. As a rule, modules are attached to the base with glue and connected using grooves on the sides of the modules and embedded wooden dowels, which significantly reduces laying time. The decorative effect of modules made of the same breed is based on the play of light in the fibers of parts located in different directions. Border – as a rule, a linear element with a periodically repeating pattern along the length. The border gives completeness to the parquet laying and unites different parts of the room into an ensemble. Traditionally, the border is placed along the perimeter of the premises or along the facade of the furniture.
FLOOR FROM SOLID (MASSIVE BOARD)
Solid board – a plank made of solid wood with a tongue and groove connection along the entire perimeter, in the classic version with a chamfer (edges beveled under 450 along the length or along the perimeter). Board length from 600 to 5000 mm, width from 80 to 205 mm, thickness 20 – 22 mm, the minimum working layer is 9 mm.
Solid wood floors are practically unaffected by temperature and humidity, and are also more resistant to wear and tear and have a long service life. The massive board allows you to implement various types of installation: from classic to complex mosaics. Special wood processing technologies (brushing, scraping, “worms”, grinding, heat treatment, pattern burning) make it possible to enhance the richness of natural structures and colors of nature, to emphasize the living structure of wood. Toning a massive board in the factory (usually oak) according to the client’s model or to any exotic breed opens up huge opportunities for creating exclusive interiors.
INSTALLATION OF ARTISTIC AND STICK PARQUET
Parquet installation – a multi-stage, labor-intensive process that requires strict adherence to the sequence of technological operations and the use of complex high-precision professional equipment. The service life of parquet strongly depends on the properties of parquet chemistry. Parquet is laid on a flat, solid and clean base (moisture resistant plywood). For laying piece and artistic parquet, the adhesive laying method is most often used. Before applying a multi-layer topcoat (primer, varnish or oil), grinding and puttying is carried out with several types of equipment. Often, individual elements of artistic parquet are assembled at the factory on fiberglass (temporary base) or a shield base, and the details of the border are fastened to each other by means of glue, which ensures higher stability and increases the productivity of parquet work. For laying solid boards, a more technologically advanced floating method is used (gluing boards to each other along a tenon-groove connection without fixing to the base). The creation of parquet starts from the stage of its design. The creative process of developing a stylized parquet pattern that blends harmoniously with the interior decoration requires the highest level of knowledge and rich experience from the designer. The task of the designer is to embody the given style of the room, the right atmosphere and mood, taking into account the possibilities of production at the stage of parquet design. Designers bring to life the most sophisticated developments and unique design solutions based on author’s ideas, classic palace interiors and standard elements from their base.
STAGES OF ARTISTIC PARQUET DESIGN
The main stages of the design of artistic parquet:
- sketch (fundamentally different artistic solutions that reveal the potential of space);
- sketch (colored watercolor or pencil detailed drawing of the parquet);
- design project (image of the photographic quality of the future parquet. Designers select the color scheme and the desired proportions, fit the designed ornaments between the furniture);
- 3D visualization (three-dimensional photorealistic image of the floors in the interior, created taking into account many factors: from the placement of furniture to the accurate reproduction of lighting).