The whole complex of repair and construction work carried out in a particular interior can be called finishing work or finishing, which in turn are divided into general construction and cleaning.
GENERAL FINISHING WORKS
General construction finishing work begins with the construction of walls and interior partitions in an apartment or house. To perform these works, the following building materials can be used:
- Gypsum-groove blocks (PHB);
- foam concrete blocks;
- gypsum board.
It is most technologically advanced, quickly and economically to use tongue-and-groove gypsum blocks (KNAUF), the thickness of which is 80 mm, the main size is 500×600 mm.
- masonry speed
- do not require plaster
- sound insulation similar to brick
- have an environmental certificate
Further work is carried out to align the walls and ceilings. In cases where surface irregularities are up to 5 mm, they are eliminated by puttying, in other cases this problem is solved by plastering ceilings and walls on metal beacons. In this case, both cement and gypsum mixtures can be used. One of the advantages of gypsum plaster mixes is faster drying. Irregularities can also be eliminated with the help of drywall sheets (gypsum boards), the method of fastening of which is either adhesive or using metal profiles. When installing a floor screed, you should know that it can be done with a sand-cement mortar, the so-called dry screed is also used, when fine fraction expanded clay is poured along the guides and gypsum fiber sheets (GVL) are laid. The sheets are attached to each other with glue and screws. The advantage of filled floor is that “wet” work is eliminated and no time is required for the screed to dry. In cases where floor differences in an apartment or house are insignificant, they can be eliminated with self-leveling self-leveling floors. Please note that many building materials are produced by unscrupulous manufacturers. Therefore, it is better to entrust their acquisition to professionals. General construction should include electrical and plumbing work, which you can read about in the relevant sections of our website.
The final stage of all repair and construction works is a fine finish. This includes works on painting walls and ceilings, which are carried out in 2-3 layers. An alternative to painting the walls are: pasting the walls with wallpaper or applying decorative plasters. Facing with stone, wood and other materials can also be used.
There are many types of wallpaper – paper, non-woven, textile, etc. When sticking certain wallpapers, it is advisable to carefully read the instructions on the insert, study the symbols: When using decorative plasters in finishing, it is better to entrust their application to well-trained specialists, because this expensive material does not forgive mistakes. Finishing floors can be made of natural parquet, parquet board or laminate. When using these materials, special attention should be paid to the degree of humidity in the room. In addition, the material should lie open for several days before laying where it will be used. If in the interior, for the installation of the floor, you decide to use carpet or linoleum, then you should exclude the ingress of small debris under the coating during repair work. Separately, we should dwell on the features of installing interior doors. This work requires the care and accuracy of the master. All sidecuts must be made at the correct angles (45º, 90º), without scratches, chips and gaps. The hinges should not pull the door when closing, the box should be set strictly vertically. Installation and fastening of the door frame is best done on mounting foam, using hangers and self-tapping screws. In conclusion, about the subtleties in laying ceramic tiles. In bathrooms and toilets, laying begins with the walls, and then lays out the floor. When performing tile work, it is advisable to use plastic crosses, then the seams will be even and the same in thickness . The thickness of the adhesive when working on prepared surfaces should not exceed 8-10 mm. The speed and quality of tile work directly depends on the tool that the specialist has at his disposal.